Why do messages marked as spam appear as good mail?
I have used the Bayesian filter tools to mark a message as junk but it still shows as good mail. I would expect any message I mark as being junk or spam mail to always appear as such. Why is this not the case?
Bayesian based filters calculate the probability of a message being junk based on the contents of that message. Unlike simple content-based filters, Bayesian filtering learns from both good and bad messages, resulting in a very efficient, self learning, anti-spam system that will return very few false positives.
By marking a message as junk or spam you are adding the characteristics of that message into the Bayesian dictionary. This does not guarantee that the message will be regarded as junk or spam the next time it is viewed/received.
Each time a message is viewed/received the Bayesian filter takes the message, runs comparisons against its dictionary of good and bad messages and assesses the probability of the message being spam or not spam based on this information.
As the dictionary can contain information on thousands of messages of each type, the addition of one more message will not hugely affect the probability of that message being one thing or the other, unless there is already a reasonably similar message profile in the dictionary.
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Keywords:Bayesian filters good junk spam